Glossary of Terms
Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN)
Reversible kidney damage resulting in delayed kidney function. Among other factors, it may be caused by quality of donor organ, time of organ storage before transplantation, or medications to prevent rejection.
An x-ray study where dye is injected into a large blood vessel in the groin and x-rays are then taken of the blood vessels supplying the kidneys. The donor surgeon utilizes the information to determine which kidney will be removed and which surgical procedure will be used to remove it.
During a biopsy, which is necessary to confirm the diagnosis, a needle is painlessly guided through the abdominal wall into the kidney to remove a tiny piece of kidney tissue.
The part of the urinary tract that receives urine from the kidneys and stores it until urination.
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Nephrologists focus on how the kidneys work and evaluate the function of the kidneys. A doctor who specializes in the treatment of kidney disease and will manage the medical aspects of care before, during and after transplantation.
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD)
Urologists are more concerned with anatomical kidney problems and deal with the rest of the urinary tract including the ureters, bladder, urethra and prostate as well.